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E. BOJADZIEVSKA, I. DVOJAKOV. S. NIKOLOVSKA

 

THE PLACE AND THE ROLE OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST IN THE TEAM DETECTION OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

 

The psychologist has a very complex task in the team detection of children with developmental disorders from easy variations to complex retardation because of the fact that the development of the children is caused by the dynamics, maturation and finally by the environmental influence.

The aim of this presentation is to show the results of the team detection of children with developmental disorders among the population of risky born children recorded and observed in the Developmental Advisory Center in Skopje, compared to the chosen control group of “healthy born children” without pre, pri and post natal problems.

The research is of longitudinal (1990-1995) and team character and done according to determined calendar, criteria and methodology. The psychological evaluation in most cases is dynamic, structural and predictive.

As psychometric instruments, the developmental scores DTC-M and DTC-P developmental test Cuturic at the age of 3 months to 5 years and after the fifth year W 15 C-intellectual test evaluation were used.

The results of the early detection of the developmental disorders were shown on table, manifested as:

·         retardation in the body control and fine manipulative appliance of hands and fingers;

·         sensor disturbances of various grades (hesitation about the retardation in the answers of the visual stimulus and inadequate or absent answer of auditive stimuli);

·         retardation in the development of verbal abilities;

·         retardation in the development of cognitive and sensitive abilities;

·         weak control of the emotions and social deprivacy.

All the developmental spheres of various grades are present among children with developmental difficulties.

The team detection (clinical records and diagnosis supplemented with psychological findings) was carried out very early which gave possibility to start an adequate and prompt treatment.